Singlet oxygen luminescence kinetics in a heterogeneous environment – identification of the photosensitizer localization in small unilamellar vesicles†
In vivo measurement of singlet oxygen luminescence kinetics is affected by the heterogeneity of biological samples. Even though singlet oxygen luminescence detection is technically getting easier, the analysis of signals from biological samples is still far from quantitative real time surveillance as it is aspired by the community. In this paper small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs) are used for modelling the general behaviour of heterogeneous samples. The geometry of the SUVs can be determined independently using dynamic light scattering. Therefore an accurate theoretical description of the generation, deactivation and diffusion of the singlet oxygen is possible. The theoretical model developed here perfectly fits the experimental results. Thus the location of the singlet oxygen generating a photosensitizer molecule can be exactly determined from the kinetics of the singlet oxygen luminescence. The application of the used theoretical approach thus allows for accurate quantitative measurements in SUVs.