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Issue 15, 2015
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New possibilities of accurate particle characterisation by applying direct boundary models to analytical centrifugation

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Abstract

Analytical centrifugation (AC) is a powerful technique for the characterisation of nanoparticles in colloidal systems. As a direct and absolute technique it requires no calibration or measurements of standards. Moreover, it offers simple experimental design and handling, high sample throughput as well as moderate investment costs. However, the full potential of AC for nanoparticle size analysis requires the development of powerful data analysis techniques. In this study we show how the application of direct boundary models to AC data opens up new possibilities in particle characterisation. An accurate analysis method, successfully applied to sedimentation data obtained by analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) in the past, was used for the first time in analysing AC data. Unlike traditional data evaluation routines for AC using a designated number of radial positions or scans, direct boundary models consider the complete sedimentation boundary, which results in significantly better statistics. We demonstrate that meniscus fitting, as well as the correction of radius and time invariant noise significantly improves the signal-to-noise ratio and prevents the occurrence of false positives due to optical artefacts. Moreover, hydrodynamic non-ideality can be assessed by the residuals obtained from the analysis. The sedimentation coefficient distributions obtained by AC are in excellent agreement with the results from AUC. Brownian dynamics simulations were used to generate numerical sedimentation data to study the influence of diffusion on the obtained distributions. Our approach is further validated using polystyrene and silica nanoparticles. In particular, we demonstrate the strength of AC for analysing multimodal distributions by means of gold nanoparticles.

Graphical abstract: New possibilities of accurate particle characterisation by applying direct boundary models to analytical centrifugation

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Article information


Submitted
11 Feb 2015
Accepted
08 Mar 2015
First published
09 Mar 2015

Nanoscale, 2015,7, 6574-6587
Article type
Paper

New possibilities of accurate particle characterisation by applying direct boundary models to analytical centrifugation

J. Walter, T. Thajudeen, S. Süβ, D. Segets and W. Peukert, Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 6574
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR00995B

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