Fully printed organic tandem solar cells using solution-processed silver nanowires and opaque silver as charge collecting electrodes†
We report in this work efficient, fully printed tandem organic solar cells (OSCs) using solution-processed silver as the reflective bottom electrode and silver nanowires as the transparent top electrode. Employing two different band-gap photoactive materials with complementary absorption, the tandem OSCs are fully printed under ambient conditions without the use of indium tin oxide and vacuum-based deposition. The fully printed tandem devices achieve power conversion efficiencies of 5.81% (on glass) and 4.85% (on flexible substrate) without open circuit voltage (Voc) losses. These results represent an important progress towards the realization of low-cost tandem OSCs by demonstrating the possibility of printing efficient organic tandem devices under ambient conditions onto production relevant carrier substrates.