Liquid organic and inorganic chemical hydrides for high-capacity hydrogen storage
The search for hydrogen storage materials capable of efficiently storing hydrogen in a compact and lightweight package is one of the most difficult challenges for the upcoming hydrogen economy. Liquid chemical hydrides with high gravimetric and volumetric hydrogen densities have the potential to overcome the challenges associated with hydrogen storage. Moreover, the liquid-phase nature of these hydrogen storage systems provides significant advantages of easy recharging, and the availability of the current liquid fuel infrastructure for recharging. In this review, we briefly survey the research progress in the development of diverse liquid-phase chemical hydrogen storage materials, including organic and inorganic chemical hydrides, with emphases on the syntheses of active catalysts for catalytic hydrogen generation and storage. Moreover, the advantages and drawbacks of each storage system are discussed.