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Issue 8, 2015
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Design of electrocatalysts for oxygen- and hydrogen-involving energy conversion reactions

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Abstract

A fundamental change has been achieved in understanding surface electrochemistry due to the profound knowledge of the nature of electrocatalytic processes accumulated over the past several decades and to the recent technological advances in spectroscopy and high resolution imaging. Nowadays one can preferably design electrocatalysts based on the deep theoretical knowledge of electronic structures, via computer-guided engineering of the surface and (electro)chemical properties of materials, followed by the synthesis of practical materials with high performance for specific reactions. This review provides insights into both theoretical and experimental electrochemistry toward a better understanding of a series of key clean energy conversion reactions including oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). The emphasis of this review is on the origin of the electrocatalytic activity of nanostructured catalysts toward the aforementioned reactions by correlating the apparent electrode performance with their intrinsic electrochemical properties. Also, a rational design of electrocatalysts is proposed starting from the most fundamental aspects of the electronic structure engineering to a more practical level of nanotechnological fabrication.

Graphical abstract: Design of electrocatalysts for oxygen- and hydrogen-involving energy conversion reactions

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Article information


Submitted
10 Dec 2014
First published
12 Feb 2015

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2015,44, 2060-2086
Article type
Review Article

Design of electrocatalysts for oxygen- and hydrogen-involving energy conversion reactions

Y. Jiao, Y. Zheng, M. Jaroniec and S. Z. Qiao, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2015, 44, 2060
DOI: 10.1039/C4CS00470A

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