Correlating structure with non-linear optical properties in xAs40Se60·(1 − x)As40S60 glasses
A series of xAs40Se60·(100 − x)As40S60 glasses, where x = 0, 25, 33, 50, 67, 75 and 100 mol% As40Se60, has been studied using neutron and X-ray total scattering, Raman spectroscopy and 77Se MAS-NMR. The results are presented with measurements of non-linear refractive indices, n2, and densities. There is no evidence for the formation of homopolar bonds in these glasses, but neutron correlation functions suggest that there is a non-random distribution of sulfur and selenium atoms in sulfur-rich glasses. The average number of sulfur atoms at a distance of 3–4 Å from a selenium atom, nSeS, deviates from a linear variation with x in glasses containing <50 mol% As40Se60; n2 for these glasses also varies non-linearly with x. Importantly, a direct comparison of n2 and nSeS gives a linear correlation, suggesting that n2 may be related to the distribution of chalcogen atoms in the glasses.