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Issue 2, 2015
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Developing an aqueous approach for synthesizing Au and M@Au (M = Pd, CuPt) hybrid nanostars with plasmonic properties

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Abstract

Anisotropic Au nanoparticles show unique localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) properties, which make them attractive in optical, sensing, and biomedical applications. In this contribution, we report a general and facile strategy towards aqueous synthesis of Au and M@Au (M = Pd, CuPt) hybrid nanostars by reducing HAuCl4 with ethanolamine in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). According to electron microscopic observations and spectral monitoring, we found that the layered epitaxial growth mode (i.e., the Frank-van der Merwe mechanism) contributes to the enlargement of the core, while the random attachment of Au nanoclusters onto the cores accounts for the formation of the branches. Both of them are indispensable to the formation of the nanostars. The LSPR properties of the Au nanoparticles have been well investigated with morphology control via the precursor amount and growth temperature. The Au nanostars showed improved surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) performance for rhodamine 6G due to their sharp edges and tips, which were therefore confirmed as good SERS substrates to detect trace amounts of molecules.

Graphical abstract: Developing an aqueous approach for synthesizing Au and M@Au (M = Pd, CuPt) hybrid nanostars with plasmonic properties

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
19 Oct 2014
Accepted
29 Oct 2014
First published
05 Nov 2014

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015,17, 1265-1272
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Developing an aqueous approach for synthesizing Au and M@Au (M = Pd, CuPt) hybrid nanostars with plasmonic properties

J. Du, J. Yu, Y. Xiong, Z. Lin, H. Zhang and D. Yang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015, 17, 1265
DOI: 10.1039/C4CP04757E

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