A new small molecule gelator and 3D framework ligator of lead(ii)†
Reacting equimolar quantities of 5-allenyl-1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid (H2abd) with lead(II) acetate trihydrate in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) under solvothermal conditions results in formation of a metallogel with a critical gelation percentage of 1% w/v. Elemental analysis performed on the gel provided a molecular composition ratio of [Pb(abd)(H2O)]n (1). Viewing the gel by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) identified an entangled network of cross-linked nano-fibres. 1H-NMR aliquots of hydrated lead(II) acetate added to a solution of H2abd in deuterated DMF allows inferences to be made about solution-state behaviour that occurs during the initial gel aggregation stage. Under non-solvothermal conditions, combining H2abd and hydrated lead(II) acetate resulted in formation of single crystals suitable for X-ray diffraction, which were identified as a 3D coordination polymer with composition [Pb(abd)(DMF)] (2). Structural features observed within this 3D coordination polymer provide the basis for assigning the molecular structure to the fibrils present within gel 1. This assertion is supported by comparable vibrational profiles taken from a sample of dried gel 1 to that of crystalline 2, and the matching of early solution-state 1H-NMR spectroscopic trends to later solid-state observations.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Supramolecular Gels in Crystal Engineering