Chromatographic characteristics of water-soluble vitamins with irradiation processing and its application
This study investigated the chromatographic characteristics of irradiated vitamins and their feasibility for dose measurement by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Water-soluble vitamins in the B family, including thiamine hydrochloride (TH), riboflavin (RF) and nicotinic acid (NA), were used for comparative study. The results showed that riboflavin was sensitive to irradiation, and the content changes of RF were linearly correlated with irradiation doses. Combining the analyses of ultraviolet and fluorescence spectra, the suitable application range for dose determination was confirmed from 100 to 2000 Gy; moreover, the influencing factors were further discussed. The content of RF could maintain good stability before and after irradiation under low-light conditions. These characteristics make it possible for RF to be used as a material for dose measurement. In addition, this work also provides references for irradiation nutrition research due to the favourable separation and analysis characteristics of HPLC.