9,9′-Spirobifluorene and 4-phenyl-9,9′-spirobifluorene: pure hydrocarbon small molecules as hosts for efficient green and blue PhOLEDs†
We report herein a new pure hydrocarbon material, 4-phenyl-9,9′-spirobifluorene (4-Ph-SBF), with a high triplet energy level (ET: 2.77 eV) as a host for blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PhOLEDs). Structural, thermal, electrochemical and photophysical properties have been investigated in detail and compared to its constituting building block 9,9′-spirobifluorene (SBF) in order to precisely study the influence of the incorporation of a phenyl unit in C4. A surprising out of plane deformation of the fluorene ring and a highly twisted structure have been notably found for 4-Ph-SBF due to the substitution in C4. As both 4-Ph-SBF and SBF possess a high triplet energy level (2.77/2.87 eV resp.), they have been successfully used as host materials for green and blue PhOLEDs. The performance of blue PhOLEDs, ca. 20 cd A−1, appears to be among the highest reported for pure hydrocarbon derivatives.
- This article is part of the themed collection: JMC C Top Picks collection: Recent progress in light emitting diodes