Ultrasensitive QRS made by supramolecular assembly of functionalized cyclodextrins and graphene for the detection of lung cancer VOC biomarkers†
A novel electronic nose system comprising functionalized β-cyclodextrin wrapped reduced graphene oxide (RGO) sensors with distinct ability of discrimination of a set of volatile organic compounds has been developed. Non-covalent modification of chemically functionalized cyclodextrin with RGO is carried out by using pyrene adamantane as a linker wherever necessary, in order to construct a supramolecular assembly. The chemical functionality on cyclodextrin is varied utilising the principle of selective chemical modification of cyclodextrin. In the present study, the combined benefits of the host–guest inclusion complex formation ability and tunable chemical functionality of cyclodextrin, as well as the high surface area and electrical conductivity of graphene, are utilized for the development of a set of highly selective quantum resistive chemical vapour sensors (QRS), which can be assembled in an electronic nose.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2014 Journal of Materials Chemistry B Hot Articles