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Issue 41, 2014

Tetrapod CdSe-sensitized macroporous inverse opal electrodes for photo-electrochemical applications

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Abstract

Quantum dots (QDs) possess promising characteristics that are important to light harvesting, but their mesoscale size limits their application in the direct sensitization of TiO2 porous films for photo-electrochemical cells (PECs). Here, inverse opal (IO) TiO2 structures were sensitized by tetrapod-CdSe (tp-CdSe) QDs, which were used in visible-light PECs. Because of the interconnected macropores in the IO structure, tp-CdSe penetrated the entire film and deposited on its surface. In contrast, infiltration was limited to the surface of the conventional mesoporous TiO2 film. The amount of tp-CdSe deposited was dependent on the immersion time of the film in the tp-CdSe dispersion. Optimum deposition of tp-CdSe was observed at the highest photocurrent density. Light harvesting, thus the photocurrent, increased with increasing amounts of deposit, but there was a corresponding decrease in electron lifetime. The maximum photocurrent density per Cd mass was 0.474 mA cm−2, which is greater than previous results from experiments using QD-sensitized PECs. We thus believe that a combination of tetrapod QDs and the TiO2 IO film may provide a new platform for PEC electrodes.

Graphical abstract: Tetrapod CdSe-sensitized macroporous inverse opal electrodes for photo-electrochemical applications

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
29 Jul 2014
Accepted
27 Aug 2014
First published
19 Sep 2014

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014,2, 17568-17573
Article type
Paper

Tetrapod CdSe-sensitized macroporous inverse opal electrodes for photo-electrochemical applications

C. Cho, S. Lee, J. Lee, D. C. Lee and J. H. Moon, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 17568 DOI: 10.1039/C4TA03895A

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