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Issue 25, 2014
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Structuring materials for lithium-ion batteries: advancements in nanomaterial structure, composition, and defined assembly on cell performance

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Abstract

This review outlines the developments in the structure, composition, size, and shape control of many important and emerging Li-ion battery materials on many length scales, and details very recent investigations on how the assembly and programmable order in energy storage materials have not only influenced and dramatically improved the performance of some Li-ion batteries, but offered new routes toward improved power densities. This review also describes and discusses material aspects of hybrid and multiphasic materials including silicon, germanium, a wide range of metal oxides, alloys and crystal structures, carbons and other important materials. Methods including engineered porosity that offer the energy density of Li-ion batteries and the power density of pseudocapacitors are also highlighted. Recent developments in the analytical methods, electrochemical response, and the structure, composition, size, shape and defined assembly of active materials for a wide range of Li-ion cathodes and anodes are compared and assessed with respect to cell performance. Perspectives on the future development of energy storage materials based on structure as well as chemistry are also outlined.

Graphical abstract: Structuring materials for lithium-ion batteries: advancements in nanomaterial structure, composition, and defined assembly on cell performance

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Jan 2014, accepted on 03 Mar 2014 and first published on 04 Mar 2014


Article type: Feature Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4TA00534A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014,2, 9433-9460
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    Structuring materials for lithium-ion batteries: advancements in nanomaterial structure, composition, and defined assembly on cell performance

    M. Osiak, H. Geaney, E. Armstrong and C. O'Dwyer, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 9433
    DOI: 10.1039/C4TA00534A

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