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Issue 17, 2014
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Frustrated phases: polymeric self-assemblies in a 3D confinement

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Abstract

This paper reviews recent progress concerning polymeric self-assemblies in confined spaces, including phase-separated structures of polymer blends and block copolymers. Although a wide variety of polymer self-assemblies have been studied in terms of conventional parameters, such as blend ratio, interaction of constituent polymers, block ratio, and molecular weight, a series of unique structures appear when the systems are self-assembled under confined conditions. Due to the limited space for phase separation, the polymers in the confinement are frustrated, and the resulting morphologies are distinctly different from those formed in free space. We give an overview of experimental and theoretical studies of the frustrated morphologies. We begin by defining confinement with respect to dimensionality and surface properties, and then introduce methods for producing various shapes and sizes of three-dimensional confinement. Finally, we present morphological and application-oriented studies and discuss the prospects for this research area.

Graphical abstract: Frustrated phases: polymeric self-assemblies in a 3D confinement

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Article information


Submitted
08 Nov 2013
Accepted
27 Jan 2014
First published
28 Jan 2014

Soft Matter, 2014,10, 2919-2931
Article type
Review Article

Frustrated phases: polymeric self-assemblies in a 3D confinement

H. Yabu, T. Higuchi and H. Jinnai, Soft Matter, 2014, 10, 2919
DOI: 10.1039/C3SM52821A

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