Design of an intelligent sub-50 nm nuclear-targeting nanotheranostic system for imaging guided intranuclear radiosensitization†
Clinically applied chemotherapy and radiotherapy is sometimes not effective due to the limited dose acting on DNA chains resident in the nuclei of cancerous cells. Herein, we develop a new theranostic technique of “intranuclear radiosensitization” aimed at directly damaging the DNA within the nucleus by a remarkable synergetic chemo-/radiotherapeutic effect based on intranuclear chemodrug-sensitized radiation enhancement. To achieve this goal, a sub-50 nm nuclear-targeting rattle-structured upconversion core/mesoporous silica nanotheranostic system was firstly constructed to directly transport the radiosensitizing drug Mitomycin C (MMC) into the nucleus for substantially enhanced synergetic chemo-/radiotherapy and simultaneous magnetic/upconversion luminescent (MR/UCL) bimodal imaging, which can lead to efficient cancer treatment as well as multi-drug resistance circumvention in vitro and in vivo. We hope the technique of intranuclear radiosensitization along with the design of nuclear-targeting nanotheranostics will contribute greatly to the development of cancer theranostics as well as to the improvement of the overall therapeutic effectiveness.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Global challenges: Health & Food