A novel pyrene-2-(pyridin-2-ylmethylsulfanyl)ethylamine based turn-on dual sensor for Al3+: experimental and computational studies
A new pyrene based highly sensitive and selective Al3+ sensor, pyrene-2-(pyridin-2-ylmethylsulfanyl)-ethylamine (PP), was found to exhibit a turn-on fluorescence enhancement (FE) as high as 7.4 fold with Kd (2.55 ± 0.10) × 10−4 M and n = 1. This probe binds reversibly with Al3+ in the presence of H2EDTA2−, both under intra- and exctracellular conditions. LOD determined by 3σ methods was found to be 15 nM while LOQ = 52.8 nM. The tentative coordination environment in the Al3+–PP complex was delineated by DFT calculations both on the free ligand and complex. The TDDFT calculations reveal spectral features comparable to the experimental ones.