Issue 2, 2014

Synthesis of substituted pyrenes by indirect methods


The pyrene nucleus is a valuable component for materials, supramolecular and biological chemistry, due to its photophysical/electronic properties and extended rigid structure. However, its exploitation is hindered by the limited range of methods and outcomes for the direct substitution of pyrene itself. In response to this problem, a variety of indirect methods have been developed for preparing pyrenes with less usual substitution patterns. Herein we review these approaches, covering methods which involve reduced pyrenes, transannular ring closures and cyclisations of biphenyl intermediates. We also showcase the diverse range of substituted pyrenes which have been reported in the literature, and can serve as building blocks for new molecular architectures.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of substituted pyrenes by indirect methods

Article information

Article type
Review Article
03 Oct 2013
13 Nov 2013
First published
14 Nov 2013
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Org. Biomol. Chem., 2014,12, 212-232

Synthesis of substituted pyrenes by indirect methods

J. M. Casas-Solvas, J. D. Howgego and A. P. Davis, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2014, 12, 212 DOI: 10.1039/C3OB41993B

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