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Issue 16, 2014
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Emerging chitin and chitosan nanofibrous materials for biomedical applications

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Abstract

Over the past several decades, we have witnessed significant progress in chitosan and chitin based nanostructured materials. The nanofibers from chitin and chitosan with appealing physical and biological features have attracted intense attention due to their excellent biological properties related to biodegradability, biocompatibility, antibacterial activity, low immunogenicity and wound healing capacity. Various methods, such as electrospinning, self-assembly, phase separation, mechanical treatment, printing, ultrasonication and chemical treatment were employed to prepare chitin and chitosan nanofibers. These nanofibrous materials have tremendous potential to be used as drug delivery systems, tissue engineering scaffolds, wound dressing materials, antimicrobial agents, and biosensors. This review article discusses the most recent progress in the preparation and application of chitin and chitosan based nanofibrous materials in biomedical fields.

Graphical abstract: Emerging chitin and chitosan nanofibrous materials for biomedical applications

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Article information


Submitted
22 May 2014
Accepted
01 Jun 2014
First published
09 Jun 2014

Nanoscale, 2014,6, 9477-9493
Article type
Review Article
Author version available

Emerging chitin and chitosan nanofibrous materials for biomedical applications

F. Ding, H. Deng, Y. Du, X. Shi and Q. Wang, Nanoscale, 2014, 6, 9477
DOI: 10.1039/C4NR02814G

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