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Issue 12, 2014
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Mechanisms in the solution growth of free-standing two-dimensional inorganic nanomaterials

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Abstract

Free-standing two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials have attracted extensive and growing research interest owing to their exotic physical and mechanical properties, which have enabled their applications in electronics, optoelectronics, electrochemical and biomedical devices. Current synthesis strategies rely largely on top-down approaches such as etching and exfoliation. Among bottom-up approaches in literature, there lacks a systematic understanding of the mechanisms of 2D crystal growth, unlike one-dimensional nanomaterials whose growth mechanisms have been well documented. To date, the growth design of free-standing 2D nanomaterials has remained a case-by-case practice. This review focuses on the bottom-up solution synthesis of free-standing 2D nanomaterials and summarizes the general mechanisms and empirical methodologies that can lead to 2D crystal growth. A brief outlook on the development of synthesis and application of solution-grown 2D nanomaterials is also presented.

Graphical abstract: Mechanisms in the solution growth of free-standing two-dimensional inorganic nanomaterials

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Article information


Submitted
21 Feb 2014
Accepted
09 Apr 2014
First published
11 Apr 2014

Nanoscale, 2014,6, 6398-6414
Article type
Feature Article

Mechanisms in the solution growth of free-standing two-dimensional inorganic nanomaterials

F. Wang and X. Wang, Nanoscale, 2014, 6, 6398 DOI: 10.1039/C4NR00973H

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