Strawberry-like SiO2@Pd and Pt nanomaterials†
Based on a synthesis strategy of silica nanoparticles (NPs) in non-alcoholic medium, a straightforward protocol leading to strawberry-like SiO2@M nanomaterials (M = Pt, Pd) has been developed. Pd and Pt NPs were immobilised onto surface modified silica NPs, by in situ decomposition of organometallic precursors, Pd2(dba)3 and Pt(dba)2 (dba = dibenzylideneacetone). The surface of silica was functionalised by aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) or 2-(diphenylphosphino)ethyltriethoxysilane (PhPETES). The co-grafting of propyltriethoxysilane (PTES) and APTES was investigated to avoid the classical interfering cohydrolysis and polycondensation reactions which can lead to agglomeration phenomena between the silica NPs. It appeared that a APTES/PTES ratio of 1/3 insured a dense and homogeneous deposition of the metallic NPs onto silica. Depending on the ligand, the diameter of the metallic NPs varies from 3.6 to 6.0 nm for Pd and from 1.5 to 3.1 nm for Pt NPs. The metal loading is adjustable, at least up to 6.91 wt%, as exemplified with Pd. Preliminary catalytic tests of the SiO2@Pd nanomaterial are also presented.