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Issue 5, 2014
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Improving enzyme regulatory protein classification by means of SVM-RFE feature selection

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Abstract

Enzyme regulation proteins are very important due to their involvement in many biological processes that sustain life. The complexity of these proteins, the impossibility of identifying direct quantification molecular properties associated with the regulation of enzymatic activities, and their structural diversity creates the necessity for new theoretical methods that can predict the enzyme regulatory function of new proteins. The current work presents the first classification model that predicts protein enzyme regulators using the Markov mean properties. These protein descriptors encode the topological information of the amino acid into contact networks based on amino acid distances and physicochemical properties. MInD-Prot software calculated these molecular descriptors for 2415 protein chains (350 enzyme regulators) using five atom physicochemical properties (Mulliken electronegativity, Kang–Jhon polarizability, vdW area, atom contribution to P) and the protein 3D regions. The best classification models to predict enzyme regulators have been obtained with machine learning algorithms from Weka using 18 features. K* has been demonstrated to be the most accurate algorithm for this protein function classification. Wrapper Subset Evaluator and SVM-RFE approaches were used to perform a feature subset selection with the best results obtained from SVM-RFE. Classification performance employing all the available features can be reached using only the 8 most relevant features selected by SVM-RFE. Thus, the current work has demonstrated the possibility of predicting new molecular targets involved in enzyme regulation using fast theoretical algorithms.

Graphical abstract: Improving enzyme regulatory protein classification by means of SVM-RFE feature selection

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Nov 2013, accepted on 11 Jan 2014 and first published on 14 Jan 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3MB70489K
Citation: Mol. BioSyst., 2014,10, 1063-1071

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    Improving enzyme regulatory protein classification by means of SVM-RFE feature selection

    C. Fernandez-Lozano, E. Fernández-Blanco, K. Dave, N. Pedreira, M. Gestal, J. Dorado and C. R. Munteanu, Mol. BioSyst., 2014, 10, 1063
    DOI: 10.1039/C3MB70489K

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