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Issue 4, 2014
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Microwave-assisted incorporation of silver nanoparticles in paper for point-of-use water purification

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Abstract

This work reports an environmentally benign method for the in situ preparation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in paper using microwave irradiation. Through thermal evaporation, microwave heating with an excess of glucose relative to the silver ion precursor yields nanoparticles on the surface of cellulose fibers within three minutes. Paper sheets were characterized by electron microscopy, UV-Visible reflectance spectroscopy, and atomic absorption spectroscopy. Antibacterial activity and silver release from the AgNP sheets were assessed for model Escherichia coli and Enterococci faecalis bacteria in deionized water and in suspensions that also contained with various influent solution chemistries, i.e. with natural organic matter, salts, and proteins. The paper sheets containing silver nanoparticles were effective in inactivating the test bacteria as they passed through the paper.

Graphical abstract: Microwave-assisted incorporation of silver nanoparticles in paper for point-of-use water purification

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Apr 2014, accepted on 19 Jun 2014 and first published on 20 Jun 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4EN00067F
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Citation: Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2014,1, 367-378

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    Microwave-assisted incorporation of silver nanoparticles in paper for point-of-use water purification

    T. A. Dankovich, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2014, 1, 367
    DOI: 10.1039/C4EN00067F

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