Preparation and characterisation of high-density ionic liquids incorporating halobismuthate anions†
A range of ionic liquids containing dialkylimidazolium cations and halobismuthate anions ([BiBrxClyIz]− and [Bi2BrxClyIz]−) were synthesised by combining dialkylimidazolium halide ionic liquids with bismuth(III) halide salts. The majority were room temperature liquids, all with very high densities. The neat ionic liquids and their mixtures with 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide were characterised using Densitometry, Viscometry, NMR Spectroscopy, Electrospray Ionisation Mass Spectrometry (ESI), Liquid Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (LSIMS), Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry (MALDI), X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), to establish their speciation and suitability for high-temperature applications.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Celebrating the 2016 RSC Prize and Award Winners