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Issue 8, 2014
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Polymer-supported catalysts for clean preparation of n-butanol

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Abstract

A new type of RANEY® metal catalyst supported by polymer was developed for the clean preparation of n-butanol. Unlike traditional supported catalysts, the newly developed alkalescent polyamide 6 (PA6) supported RANEY® nickel catalyst provided a 100.0% conversion of n-butyraldehyde without producing any detectable n-butyl ether, the main byproduct in industry. The significantly enhanced catalyst selectivity of the polymer-supported RANEY® metal catalyst was attributed to the elimination of the acid-catalyzed side reaction associated with RANEY® metals and traditional catalyst supports, such as Al2O3 and SiO2. By eliminating acid-catalyzed side reactions, therefore, green chemistry could be achieved through reducing resources and energy consumption in chemical reactions. Furthermore, the preparation and recycling of the polymer-supported catalysts are also much more eco-friendly than for traditional Al2O3-/SiO2-supported catalysts. The methodology developed in this study to use alkalescent polymers as the catalyst support could be applied to the whole catalyst family, including a series of important RANEY® metal catalysts (e.g., RANEY® nickel, RANEY® cobalt, RANEY® copper) used routinely in the chemical industry.

Graphical abstract: Polymer-supported catalysts for clean preparation of n-butanol

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Apr 2014, accepted on 15 May 2014 and first published on 15 May 2014


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C4CY00436A
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Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2014,4, 2499-2503

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    Polymer-supported catalysts for clean preparation of n-butanol

    H. Jiang, S. Lu, X. Zhang, H. Peng, W. Dai and J. Qiao, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2014, 4, 2499
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CY00436A

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