Ligand-size dependent water proton relaxivities in ultrasmall gadolinium oxide nanoparticles and in vivo T1 MR images in a 1.5 T MR field
The dependence of longitudinal (r1) and transverse (r2) water proton relaxivities of ultrasmall gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) nanoparticles on the surface coating ligand-size was investigated. Both r1 and r2 values decreased with increasing ligand-size. We attributed this to the ligand-size effect. In addition the effectiveness of D-glucuronic acid-coated ultrasmall Gd2O3 nanoparticles as T1 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents was confirmed by measuring the in vitro cytotoxicity and using in vivo T1 MR images in a mouse in a 1.5 T MR field.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Bunsentagung 2014: ‘Physical Chemistry of Nanoparticles’