Issue 21, 2014

Microkinetics of oxygenate formation in the Fischer–Tropsch reaction


Microkinetics simulations are presented on the intrinsic activity and selectivity of the Fischer–Tropsch reaction with respect to the formation of long chain oxygenated hydrocarbons. Two different chain growth mechanisms are compared: the carbide chain growth mechanism and the CO insertion chain growth mechanism. The microkinetics simulations are based on quantum-chemical data on reaction rate parameters of the elementary reaction steps of the Fischer–Tropsch reaction available in the literature. Because the overall rate constant of chain growth remains too low the CO insertion chain growth mechanism is not found to produce higher hydrocarbons, except for ethylene and acetaldehyde or the corresponding hydrogenated products. According to the carbide mechanism available quantum-chemical data are consistent with high selectivity to long chain oxygenated hydrocarbon production at low temperature. The anomalous initial increase with temperature of the chain growth parameter observed under such conditions is reproduced. It arises from the competition between the apparent rate of C–O bond activation to produce “CHx” monomers to be inserted into the growing hydrocarbon chain and the rate of chain growth termination. The microkinetics simulations data enable analysis of selectivity changes as a function of critical elementary reaction rates such as the rate of activation of the C–O bond of CO, the insertion rate of CO into the growing hydrocarbon chain or the rate constant of methane formation. Simulations show that changes in catalyst site reactivity affect elementary reaction steps differently. This has opposing consequences for oxygenate production selectivity, so an optimizing compromise has to be found. The simulation results are found to be consistent with most experimental data available today. It is concluded that Fischer–Tropsch type catalysis has limited scope to produce long chain oxygenates with high yield, but there is an opportunity to improve the yield of C2 oxygenates.

Graphical abstract: Microkinetics of oxygenate formation in the Fischer–Tropsch reaction

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
22 Nov 2013
29 Jan 2014
First published
29 Jan 2014
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 10041-10058

Author version available

Microkinetics of oxygenate formation in the Fischer–Tropsch reaction

R. A. van Santen, M. Ghouri and E. M. J. Hensen, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 10041 DOI: 10.1039/C3CP54950J

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