Jump to main content
Jump to site search
Access to RSC content Close the message box

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide.


Issue 31, 2014
Previous Article Next Article

Solution-mediated phase transformation of uric acid dihydrate

Author affiliations

Abstract

Various crystalline phases of uric acid are frequently identified components of human kidney stones, including anhydrous uric acid (UA) and uric acid dihydrate (UAD). Herein we report a quantitative study of the solution-mediated phase transformation of metastable UAD to UA as a function of pH as well as in model urine solution. Using a combination of X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, and optical microscopy techniques, the UAD to UA transformation was found to go to completion within 48 hours at 37 °C in buffered solutions with pH between 4.0–6.5 with no evidence for intermediate crystalline phases. In solutions with pH > 6.8, UAD transformation to a different monosodium urate monohydrate phase becomes dominant. In artificial urine solution, the transformation occurs on a slightly faster timescale and results in smaller UA crystals. Seeding and saturation experiments indicate that the rate-limiting step in the overall transformation is the dissolution of UAD. The kinetics of these transformation processes suggest that interconversions between various solid state forms of uric acid are relevant under the physiologic conditions which lead to stone formation.

Graphical abstract: Solution-mediated phase transformation of uric acid dihydrate

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
20 Mar 2014
Accepted
13 May 2014
First published
13 May 2014

CrystEngComm, 2014,16, 7278-7284
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Solution-mediated phase transformation of uric acid dihydrate

J. B. Presores and J. A. Swift, CrystEngComm, 2014, 16, 7278
DOI: 10.1039/C4CE00574K

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements