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Issue 19, 2014
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Towards single-cell LC-MS phosphoproteomics

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Protein phosphorylation is a ubiquitous posttranslational modification, which is heavily involved in signal transduction. Misregulation of protein phosphorylation is often associated with a decrease in cell viability and complex diseases such as cancer. The dynamic and low abundant nature of phosphorylated proteins makes studying phosphoproteome a challenging task. In this review, we summarize state of the art proteomic techniques to study and quantify peptide phosphorylation in biological systems and discuss their limitations. Due to its short-lived nature, the phosphorylation event cannot be precisely traced in a heterogonous cell population, which highlights the importance of analyzing phosphorylation events at the single cell level. Mainly, we focus on the methodical and instrumental developments in proteomics and nanotechnology, which will help to build more accurate and robust systems for the feasibility of phosphorylation analysis at the single cell level. We propose that an automated and miniaturized construction of analytical systems holds the key to the future of phosphoproteomics; therefore, we highlight the benchmark studies in this direction. Having advanced and automated microfluidic chip LC systems will allow us to analyze single-cell phosphoproteomics and quantitatively compare it with others. The progress in the microfluidic chip LC systems and feasibility of the single-cell phosphoproteomics will be beneficial for early diagnosis and detection of the treatment response of many crucial diseases.

Graphical abstract: Towards single-cell LC-MS phosphoproteomics

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The article was received on 10 Mar 2014, accepted on 18 Jun 2014 and first published on 18 Jun 2014

Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C4AN00463A
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Citation: Analyst, 2014,139, 4733-4749
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    Towards single-cell LC-MS phosphoproteomics

    A. N. Polat and N. Özlü, Analyst, 2014, 139, 4733
    DOI: 10.1039/C4AN00463A

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