Spray-coatable ionogels based on silane-ionic liquids for low voltage, flexible, electrolyte-gated organic transistors†
We introduce a new type of silane-based ionogels that are produced by gelation of the ionic liquid 3-methyl-1-(3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl)-imidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([(EtO)3SiPMIM][TFSI]) with tetramethylorthosilane and formic acid. In the obtained ionogels the cations are involved in the network formation while the anions can move freely. The ionogels show advantageous properties for application in flexible electronics, such as low modulus, solution processability and high specific capacitance. Spray-coated ionogels were used as high capacitance gate dielectrics for organic (poly[3-hexylthiophene], P3HT) electrolyte-gated transistors (EGTs) that operated at very low voltages (<2 V) with high on/off ratios in air over weeks. Devices fabricated on polymer foil remained functional during repeated bending cycles with strains up to 2.3%.