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Issue 53, 2014
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Direct synthesis of PEG-encapsulated gold nanoparticles using branched copolymer nanoreactors

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Abstract

We report a method of directly synthesizing gold nanoparticles that are coated with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) for applications in biology and medicine. The particles are grown within the cores of micelle-like structures formed by pH-responsive branched copolymers of poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate (PEGMA) and 2-diethylamino methacrylate (DEAMA). The process is cheap and scalable, with PEGylated gold particles prepared in two straightforward steps from commercially available monomers and salts. The formation of gold nanoparticles with mean size of 45 Å is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Kinetic studies of nanoparticle growth by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) show that the particles form slowly over a period of >17 hours. This process can be modified by exposure to high-intensity X-rays, which cause widespread rapid nucleation leading to a larger number of smaller particles.

Graphical abstract: Direct synthesis of PEG-encapsulated gold nanoparticles using branched copolymer nanoreactors

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Article information


Submitted
17 Apr 2014
Accepted
11 Jun 2014
First published
26 Jun 2014

RSC Adv., 2014,4, 27702-27707
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Direct synthesis of PEG-encapsulated gold nanoparticles using branched copolymer nanoreactors

I. E. Dunlop, M. P. Ryan, A. E. Goode, C. Schuster, N. J. Terrill and J. V. M. Weaver, RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 27702
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA03500C

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