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Issue 9, 2014
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One-step surface modification for irreversible bonding of various plastics with a poly(dimethylsiloxane) elastomer at room temperature

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Abstract

Here, we introduce a simple and facile method for bonding poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) to various plastics irreversibly via a one-step chemical treatment at room temperature. This was mediated by poly[dimethylsiloxane-co-(3-aminopropyl)methylsiloxane] (amine-PDMS linker), a chemical composed of a PDMS backbone incorporating an amine side group. Room temperature anchoring of the linker was achieved via a reaction between the amine functionality of the linker and the carbon backbone of the plastics, thereby producing urethane bonds. This resulted in the PDMS functionality being exposed on the plastic surface, mimicking the surface properties of bulk PDMS. Following corona treatment of the PDMS-modified plastic and a sheet of PDMS, the two surfaces were placed in contact with each other and heated at 80 °C for 1 h. This resulted in permanent bonding between PDMS and the plastic. To examine the effectiveness of the amine-PDMS linker coating procedure, the surfaces were characterized by measuring water contact angles and by employing X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Polycarbonate (PC), poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), poly(vinylchloride) (PVC), and polyimide (PI) were bonded successfully to PDMS using this method, with bond strengths of PC, PET, and PVC with PDMS measured to be approximately 428.5 ± 17.9, 361.7 ± 31.2, and 430.0 ± 14.9 kPa, respectively. The bond strength of a PC–PC homogeneous assembly, also realized using the proposed method, was measured to be approximately 343.9 ± 7.4 kPa. Delamination tests revealed that the PC–PC assembly was able to withstand intense introduction of a liquid whose per-minute injection volume was approximately 278 times greater than the total internal volume of the microchannel fabricated in PC. This demonstrated the robustness of the seal formed using the proposed technique.

Graphical abstract: One-step surface modification for irreversible bonding of various plastics with a poly(dimethylsiloxane) elastomer at room temperature

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
28 Nov 2013
Accepted
06 Feb 2014
First published
07 Feb 2014

Lab Chip, 2014,14, 1564-1571
Article type
Paper

One-step surface modification for irreversible bonding of various plastics with a poly(dimethylsiloxane) elastomer at room temperature

J. Wu and N. Y. Lee, Lab Chip, 2014, 14, 1564
DOI: 10.1039/C3LC51324F

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