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Issue 6, 2014
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Inexpensive ionic liquids: [HSO4]-based solvent production at bulk scale

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Abstract

Through more than two decades’ intensive research, ionic liquids (ILs) have exhibited significant potential in various areas of research at laboratory scales. This suggests that ILs-based industrial process development will attract increasing attention in the future. However, there is one core issue that stands in the way of commercialisation: the high cost of most laboratory-synthesized ILs will limit application to small-scale, specialized processes. In this work, we evaluate the economic feasibility of two ILs synthesized via acid–base neutralization using two scenarios for each: conventional and intensification processing. Based upon our initial models, we determined the cost price of each IL and compared the energy requirements of each process option. The cost prices of triethylammonium hydrogen sulfate and 1-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate are estimated as $1.24 kg−1 and $2.96–5.88 kg−1, respectively. This compares favourably with organic solvents such as acetone or ethyl acetate, which sell for $1.30–$1.40 kg−1. Moreover, the raw materials contribute the overwhelming majority of this cost and the intensified process using a compact plate reactor is more economical due to lower energy requirements. These results indicate that ionic liquids are not necessarily expensive, and therefore large-scale IL-based processes can become a commercial reality.

Graphical abstract: Inexpensive ionic liquids: [HSO4]−-based solvent production at bulk scale

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
06 Jan 2014
Accepted
02 Apr 2014
First published
08 Apr 2014

Green Chem., 2014,16, 3098-3106
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Inexpensive ionic liquids: [HSO4]-based solvent production at bulk scale

L. Chen, M. Sharifzadeh, N. Mac Dowell, T. Welton, N. Shah and J. P. Hallett, Green Chem., 2014, 16, 3098
DOI: 10.1039/C4GC00016A

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