Understanding the role of TiO2 crystal structure on the enhanced activity and stability of Ru/TiO2 catalysts for the conversion of lignin-derived oxygenates
Although Ru catalysts supported on reducible oxides such as TiO2 hold significant promise for the deoxygenation of biomass derived oxygenates, a significant drawback is their instability under oxidation conditions necessary for catalyst regeneration. In this contribution, the role of TiO2 crystal structure on resistance to metal particle sintering during calcination treatments at 400 and 500 °C is investigated. The resulting impact of the calcination temperature and TiO2 support phase for the conversion of guaiacol at 400 °C under atmospheric pressure of hydrogen over supported Ru catalysts is presented. Results suggest that the rutile TiO2 phase plays an important role in stabilizing Ru particles during calcination pretreatment in comparison with anatase supported Ru catalysts. Furthermore, rates normalized to the area of the support and the Ru suggest that the high activity of Ru/TiO2 systems for guaiacol conversion is attributed to defect sites created by hydrogen spillover from the Ru metal to the reducible TiO2 as opposed to only the sites located at the Ru/TiO2 interface.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Conversion of biomass with heterogeneous catalysts