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Issue 8, 2014
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Coffee: biochemistry and potential impact on health

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This review provides details on the phytochemicals in green coffee beans and the changes that occur during roasting. Key compounds in the coffee beverage, produced from the ground, roasted beans, are volatile constituents responsible for the unique aroma, the alkaloids caffeine and trigonelline, chlorogenic acids, the diterpenes cafestol and kahweol, and melanoidins, which are Maillard reaction products. The fate of these compounds in the body following consumption of coffee is discussed along with evidence of the mechanisms by which they may impact on health. Finally, epidemiological findings linking coffee consumption to potential health benefits including prevention of several chronic and degenerative diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disorders, diabetes, and Parkinson's disease, are evaluated.

Graphical abstract: Coffee: biochemistry and potential impact on health

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The article was received on 20 Jan 2014, accepted on 18 Mar 2014 and first published on 20 Mar 2014

Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4FO00042K
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Food Funct., 2014,5, 1695-1717

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    Coffee: biochemistry and potential impact on health

    I. A. Ludwig, M. N. Clifford, M. E. J. Lean, H. Ashihara and A. Crozier, Food Funct., 2014, 5, 1695
    DOI: 10.1039/C4FO00042K

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