Formation of coherent rotational wavepackets in small molecule-helium clusters using impulsive alignment†
We show that rotational line spectra of molecular clusters with near zero permanent dipole moments can be observed using impulsive alignment. Aligned rotational wavepackets were generated by non-resonant interaction with intense femtosecond laser pump pulses and then probed using Coulomb explosion by a second, time-delayed femtosecond laser pulse. By means of a Fourier transform a rich spectrum of rotational eigenstates was derived. For the smallest cluster, C2H2–He, we were able to establish essentially all rotational eigenstates up to the dissociation threshold on the basis of theoretical level predictions. The C2H2–He complex is found to exhibit distinct features of large amplitude motion and very early onset of free internal rotor energy level structure.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Emerging Photon Technologies for Chemical Dynamics