Flexible organic tandem solar modules with 6% efficiency: combining roll-to-roll compatible processing with high geometric fill factors†
Organic solar cell technology bears the potential for high photovoltaic performance combined with truly low-cost, high-volume processing. Here we demonstrate organic tandem solar modules on flexible substrates fabricated by fully roll-to-roll compatible processing at temperatures <70 °C. By using ultrafast laser patterning we considerably reduced the “dead area” of the modules and achieved geometric fill factors beyond 90%. The modules revealed very low interconnection-resistance compared to the single tandem cells and exhibited a power conversion efficiency of up to 5.7%. Bending tests performed on the modules suggest high mechanical resilience for this type of device. Our findings inform concrete steps towards high efficiency photovoltaic applications on curved, foldable and moving surfaces.