Na0.67Mn1−xMgxO2 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2): a high capacity cathode for sodium-ion batteries†
Earth-abundant Na0.67[Mn1−xMgx]O2 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2) cathode materials with the P2 structure have been synthesized as positive electrodes for sodium-ion batteries. Na0.67MnO2 exhibits a capacity of 175 mA h g−1 with good capacity retention. A Mg content of 5% is sufficient to smooth the charge/discharge profiles without affecting the capacity, whilst further increasing the Mg content improves the cycling stability, but at the expense of a lower discharge capacity (∼150 mA h g−1 for Na0.67Mn0.8Mg0.2O2). It was observed that the cooling process during synthesis, as well as Mg content, have an influence on the structure.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Celebrating the 2016 RSC Prize and Award Winners