The energy transfer phenomena and colour tunability in Y2O2S:Eu3+/Dy3+ micro-fibers for white emission in solid state lighting applications
This paper reports on the structural, optical and photometric characterization of an Eu3+/Dy3+ doped yttrium oxysulfide phosphor (Y2O2S:Eu3+/Dy3+) for near white emission in solid state lighting. A series of Y2O2S phosphors doped with Eu3+/Dy3+ were prepared by the hydrothermal method. The microstructures of the as-synthesized phosphors were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The XRD results reveal that the obtained powder phosphors have a single-phase hexagonal structure and also indicate that the incorporation of the dopants/co-dopants did not affect the crystal structure. The SEM images reveal the morphology of the prepared phosphors as an intense interpenetrating network of interconnected micro-fibers with a diameter of about 0.15 μm. The band gap of the phosphors was calculated from diffuse reflectance spectra using the Kubelka–Munk function. The Eu3+, Dy3+ doped and Eu3+/Dy3+ co-doped phosphors illuminated with ultraviolet light showed characteristic red luminescence corresponding to the 5D0→7FJ transitions of Eu3+ and characteristic blue and yellow luminescence corresponding to the 4F9/2→6H15/2 or 4F9/2→6H13/2 transitions of Dy3+. The luminescence spectra, the energy transfer efficiency and the decay curves of the phosphors indicated that there exists a strong energy transfer from Dy3+ to Eu3+ and this was demonstrated to be a resonant type via a dipole–quadrupole reaction. Furthermore, the critical distance of the Eu3+ and Dy3+ ions have also been calculated. By utilizing the principle of energy transfer it was also demonstrated that with an appropriate tuning of the activator content the Y2O2S:Eu3+/Dy3+ phosphors can exhibit a great potential to act as single-emitting component phosphors for white light emission in solid state lighting technology.