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Issue 10, 2014
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Optical methods for sensing and imaging oxygen: materials, spectroscopies and applications

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Abstract

We review the current state of optical methods for sensing oxygen. These have become powerful alternatives to electrochemical detection and in the process of replacing the Clark electrode in many fields. The article (with 694 references) is divided into main sections on direct spectroscopic sensing of oxygen, on absorptiometric and luminescent probes, on polymeric matrices and supports, on additives and related materials, on spectroscopic schemes for read-out and imaging, and on sensing formats (such as waveguide sensing, sensor arrays, multiple sensors and nanosensors). We finally discuss future trends and applications and summarize the properties of the most often used indicator probes and polymers. The ESI† (with 385 references) gives a selection of specific applications of such sensors in medicine, biology, marine and geosciences, intracellular sensing, aerodynamics, industry and biotechnology, among others.

Graphical abstract: Optical methods for sensing and imaging oxygen: materials, spectroscopies and applications

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Article information


Submitted
21 Jan 2014
First published
18 Mar 2014

This article is Open Access

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014,43, 3666-3761
Article type
Review Article
Author version available

Optical methods for sensing and imaging oxygen: materials, spectroscopies and applications

X. Wang and O. S. Wolfbeis, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014, 43, 3666 DOI: 10.1039/C4CS00039K

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. You can use material from this article in other publications without requesting further permissions from the RSC, provided that the correct acknowledgement is given.

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