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Issue 21, 2014
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Porphyrin-based sensor nanoarchitectonics in diverse physical detection modes

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Abstract

Porphyrins and related families of molecules are important organic modules as has been reflected in the award of the Nobel Prizes in Chemistry in 1915, 1930, 1961, 1962, 1965, and 1988 for work on porphyrin-related biological functionalities. The porphyrin core can be synthetically modified by introduction of various functional groups and other elements, allowing creation of numerous types of porphyrin derivatives. This feature makes porphyrins extremely useful molecules especially in combination with their other interesting photonic, electronic and magnetic properties, which in turn is reflected in their diverse signal input–output functionalities based on interactions with other molecules and external stimuli. Therefore, porphyrins and related macrocycles play a preeminent role in sensing applications involving chromophores. In this review, we discuss recent developments in porphyrin-based sensing applications in conjunction with the new advanced concept of nanoarchitectonics, which creates functional nanostructures based on a profound understanding of mutual interactions between the individual nanostructures and their arbitrary arrangements. Following a brief explanation of the basics of porphyrin chemistry and physics, recent examples in the corresponding fields are discussed according to a classification based on physical modes of detection including optical detection (absorption/photoluminescence spectroscopy and energy and electron transfer processes), other spectral modes (circular dichroism, plasmon and nuclear magnetic resonance), electronic and electrochemical modes, and other sensing modes.

Graphical abstract: Porphyrin-based sensor nanoarchitectonics in diverse physical detection modes

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Article information


Submitted
24 Dec 2013
Accepted
30 Jan 2014
First published
24 Feb 2014

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 9713-9746
Article type
Perspective

Porphyrin-based sensor nanoarchitectonics in diverse physical detection modes

S. Ishihara, J. Labuta, W. Van Rossom, D. Ishikawa, K. Minami, J. P. Hill and K. Ariga, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 9713
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP55431G

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