Thermal degradation kinetics and decomposition mechanism of PBSu nanocomposites with silica-nanotubes and strontium hydroxyapatite nanorods
Novel poly(butylene succinate) (PBSu) nanocomposites containing 5 and 20 wt% mesoporous strontium hydroxyapatite nanorods (SrHNRs) and silica nanotubes (SiNTs) were prepared by melt-mixing. A systematic investigation of the thermal stability and decomposition kinetics of PBSu was performed using pyrolysis-gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy (Py-GC–MS) and thermogravimetry (TG). Thorough studies of evolving decomposition compounds along with the isoconversional and model-fitting analysis of mass loss data led to the proposal of a decomposition mechanism for PBSu. Moreover, the effects of SrHNRs and SiNTs on the thermal stability and decomposition kinetics of PBSu were also examined in detail. The complementary use of these techniques revealed that the incorporation of SiNTs in PBSu does not induce significant effects neither on its thermal stability nor on its decomposition mechanism. In contrast, the addition of SrHNRs resulted in the catalysis of the initial decomposition steps of PBSu and also in modified decomposition mechanisms and activation energies. The evolving gaseous products of PBSu and their evolution pattern in the SiNT nanocomposites were the same as in neat PBSu, while they were slightly modified for the SrHNR nanocomposites, confirming the findings from thermogravimetric analysis.