Excited-state dynamics of thiophene substituted betaine pyridinium compounds†
This work deals with the photophysics of novel pyridinium betaine based on 2-pyridin-1-yl-1H-benzimidazole (SBPa) substituted symmetrically by mono- (Th2SBPa) and bi-thiophene fragments (Th4SBPa). The study is based on a combination of steady-state, femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopic measurements supported by PCM–(TD)DFT calculations. It is found that the two step ICT process (S0 → S2 excitation followed by S2(CT) → S1(CT) internal conversion) occurring for the parent molecule remains unaffected for Th2SBPa while the situation is less clear for Th4SBPa. Actually, for both molecules, a new decay route involving the π-electron system localized in thiophenic groups is responsible for the production of triplet states. Involvement of this new route in the parallel production of S1(CT) is strongly suspected.