In vitro HER2 protein-induced affinity dissociation of carbon nanotube-wrapped anti-HER2 aptamers for HER2 protein detection†
A new in vitro assay was developed to detect human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) protein, based on affinity dissociation of carbon nanotube (CNT)-wrapped anti-HER2 ssDNA aptamers. First, we selected an anti-HER2 ssDNA aptamer (H2) using an in vitro serial evolution of ligands by an exponential enrichment (SELEX) process. Then the fluorescently labelled H2 ssDNAs were tightly packed on CNTs that had previously been coupled with magnetic microbeads (MBs), forming MB–CNT–H2 hybrids. The loading capacity of these MB–CNTs heterostructures (2.8 × 108) was determined to be 0.025 to 3.125 μM of H2. HER2 protein-induced H2 dissociation occurred from MB–CNT–H2 hybrids, which was specifically induced by the target HER2 protein, with a dissociation constant (Kd) of 270 nM. The stoichiometric affinity dissociation ratio with respect to H2-to-HER2 protein was shown to be approximately 1 : 1. Our results demonstrated that the developed assay can be an effective approach in detecting native forms of disease biomarkers in free solutions or in biological samples, for accurate diagnosis.