Bimetallic Pd–Pt supported graphene promoted enzymatic redox cycling for ultrasensitive electrochemical quantification of microRNA from cell lysates†
The expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is related to some cancer diseases. Recently, miRNAs have emerged as new candidate diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for detecting a wide variety of cancers. Due to low levels, short sequences and high sequence homology among family members, the quantitative miRNA analysis is still a challenge. A novel electrochemical biosensor with triple signal amplification for the ultrasensitive detection of miRNA was developed based on phosphatase, redox-cycling amplification, a bimetallic Pd–Pt supported graphene functionalized screen-printed gold electrode, and two stem-loop structured DNAs as target capturers. The proposed biosensor is highly sensitive due to the enhanced electrochemical signal of Pd–Pt supported graphene and sufficiently selective to discriminate the target miRNA from homologous miRNAs in the presence of loop-stem structure probes with T4 DNA ligase. Therefore, this strategy provided a new and ultrasensitive platform for amplified detection and subsequent analysis of miRNA in biomedical research and clinical diagnosis.