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Issue 3, 2013
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Near field capillary repulsion

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Anisotropic microparticles adsorbed at fluid–fluid interfaces create interface deformations and interact because of capillarity. Thus far, much of the work related to this phenomenon has focused on capillary attraction, which is ubiquitous in the far field for microparticles at interfaces. In this paper, we explore capillary repulsion. We study particles at interfaces with contact line undulations having wavelength significantly smaller than the characteristic particle size. By a combination of simulation and experiment, we show that identical microparticles with features in phase attract each other, and microparticles with different wavelengths, under certain conditions, repel each other in the near field, leading to a measurable equilibrium separation. We study these assemblies at air–water and oil–water interfaces. The capillary bond between particles at air–water interfaces is rigid, whereas at oil–water interfaces, the bond between particles with near field repulsion is elastic under perturbation. These results have implications for the capillary assembly of rough microparticles at interfaces, and for the tailoring of mechanics of particle monolayers.

Graphical abstract: Near field capillary repulsion

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Supplementary files

Article information

31 Aug 2012
25 Oct 2012
First published
08 Nov 2012

Soft Matter, 2013,9, 779-786
Article type

Near field capillary repulsion

L. Yao, L. Botto, M. Cavallaro, Jr, B. J. Bleier, V. Garbin and K. J. Stebe, Soft Matter, 2013, 9, 779
DOI: 10.1039/C2SM27020J

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