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Issue 3, 2013
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Cellulosic nanorods of various aspect ratios for oil in water Pickering emulsions

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Abstract

Cellulosic colloidal nanorods of different origins were used in order to investigate the effect of various elongated shapes adsorbed at the oil–water interface for Pickering emulsion characteristics. Nanocrystals of length ranging from 185 nm to 4 μm were obtained from the hydrolysis of cellulose microfibrils of three different biological origins: cotton (CCN), bacterial cellulose (BCN) and Cladophora (ClaCN) leading to aspect ratios ranging from 13 to 160. These nanocrystals are irreversibly adsorbed at the oil–water interface and form ultrastable emulsions. Individual droplets of similar diameter were obtained under diluted conditions, illustrating both similar wetting properties and nanocrystal flexibility for the three different types of nanocrystals. However, it was shown that the aspect ratio directly influences the coverage ratio giving rise, on the one hand to a dense organisation (coverage >80%) with short nanocrystals and on the other hand to an interconnected network of low covered droplets (40%) when longer nanocrystals are used. An estimation is made showing that for the longer nanocrystals, 55% of the nanocrystals introduced are involved in the network of the material. The capillary force that promotes attractive interactions between nanocrystals was also addressed. These results lead to a better understanding of the adsorption process for rod-like particles of various aspect ratios for the elaboration of a controlled surface architecture, from a homogeneous monolayer to interconnected porous multilayered interfaces.

Graphical abstract: Cellulosic nanorods of various aspect ratios for oil in water Pickering emulsions

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
25 Jun 2012
Accepted
02 Nov 2012
First published
21 Nov 2012

Soft Matter, 2013,9, 952-959
Article type
Paper

Cellulosic nanorods of various aspect ratios for oil in water Pickering emulsions

I. Kalashnikova, H. Bizot, P. Bertoncini, B. Cathala and I. Capron, Soft Matter, 2013, 9, 952
DOI: 10.1039/C2SM26472B

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