Coexistence of magnetic and electrical order in the new perovskite-like (C3N2H5)[Mn(HCOO)3] formate†
In this work we further the structural characterization of the recently discovered (C3N2H5)[Mn(HCOO)3] metal–organic framework with perovskite-like structure, and we present its magnetic and dielectric properties up to 350 K. At low temperature, the C3N2H5+ imidazolium cations, that sit oblique within the cavities of the [Mn(HCOO)3]− framework structure, show a cooperative order resulting in an antiparallel arrangement of their electrical dipole moments. Very interestingly, it is only above 220 K that thermal energy seems to be able to break this antiferroelectric order, resulting in a linear increase of its dielectric constant with temperature. In addition, this Mn(II) compound is antiferromagnetic below TN = 9 K, with a slightly non-collinear arrangement of its magnetic moments, yielding to a weak ferromagnetism. Therefore, this is a new multiferroic material which exhibits coexistence of magnetic and electric ordering.