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Issue 10, 2013
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Ruthenium(ii) complexes incorporating the bidentate ligand containing an imidazolium moiety: synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties and their application in a visible-light induced hydrogen-evolving system

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Abstract

Two Ru(II) complexes, [(bpy)2Ru(IL-2)]3+ (bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine) (1) and [(phen)2Ru(IL-2)]3+ (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) (2), have been prepared by using a newly designed bidentate ligand, 1,3-dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline-2-yl (IL-2). The complexes and the bidentate ligand synthesized have been fully characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS), elemental analysis, and X-ray crystallography in two cases. All the complexes exhibited typical ligand-based π–π* and metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) bands in the UV and visible regions, respectively. The absorption maxima occurred at 430 and 428 nm with the lower energy shoulder peaks at 463 and 461 nm for 1 and 2, respectively. 3MLCT emissions were observed at 617 and 610 nm, respectively. The electrochemistry exhibited one reversible oxidation (RuIII/II), and two reversible and one irreversible reductions caused by ligands. A two-component photolysis system consisting of Ru(II) and Pd-precursor complexes has been confirmed to be active for the photo-induced hydrogen production in the presence of triethanolamine (TEOA) as a sacrificial electron donor without an electron mediator (MV2+).

Graphical abstract: Ruthenium(ii) complexes incorporating the bidentate ligand containing an imidazolium moiety: synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties and their application in a visible-light induced hydrogen-evolving system

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
05 Jan 2013
Accepted
25 Jul 2013
First published
29 Jul 2013

New J. Chem., 2013,37, 3174-3182
Article type
Paper

Ruthenium(II) complexes incorporating the bidentate ligand containing an imidazolium moiety: synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties and their application in a visible-light induced hydrogen-evolving system

H. Park, W. Kim, W. Choi and Y. K. Chung, New J. Chem., 2013, 37, 3174
DOI: 10.1039/C3NJ00014A

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