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Issue 10, 2013
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Continuous flow nanocatalysis: reaction pathways in the conversion of levulinic acid to valuable chemicals

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Abstract

The selective production of 2-methyltetrahydrofuran from levulinic acid has been effectively conducted using designed Cu based catalysts and compared with a commercial Pd/C system under microwave irradiation. Optimised conditions for the most active catalysts Cu-MINT (>90% conversion, 75% selectivity to MTHF) and Pd/C (78% conversion, 92% selectivity to MTHF) were further translated into a continuous flow process using the proposed catalysts to find out the deactivation of Cu-MINT under flow conditions (79 vs. 13% conversion with a switch in selectivity to products after 30 min in flow), the high stability of Pd/C (73 vs. 70% conversion at stable selectivity under analogous conditions to those of Cu-MINT) but, most importantly, different relevant pathways to valuable products from levulinic acid depending on the type of catalyst employed.

Graphical abstract: Continuous flow nanocatalysis: reaction pathways in the conversion of levulinic acid to valuable chemicals

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
30 May 2013
Accepted
29 Jul 2013
First published
31 Jul 2013

Green Chem., 2013,15, 2786-2792
Article type
Paper

Continuous flow nanocatalysis: reaction pathways in the conversion of levulinic acid to valuable chemicals

J. M. Bermudez, J. A. Menéndez, A. A. Romero, E. Serrano, J. Garcia-Martinez and R. Luque, Green Chem., 2013, 15, 2786 DOI: 10.1039/C3GC41022F

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