Long-lived photoinduced charge separation for solar cell applications in supramolecular complexes of multi-metalloporphyrins and fullerenes
Monomers, dimers, trimers, dendrimers and oligomers of metalloporphyrins form supramolecular complexes with fullerene derivatives via electrostatic interactions, π–π interactions and coordination bonds. Photoexcitation of the supramolecular complexes resulted in photoinduced electron transfer from the porphyrin moiety to the fullerene moiety to produce the charge-separated states as revealed by laser flash photolysis measurements. The rate constants of photoinduced charge separation and charge recombination in supramolecular complexes of multi-metalloporphyrins and fullerenes were also determined by laser flash photolysis measurements and the results depending on the number of porphyrins in the supramolecular complexes are discussed in terms of efficiency of photoinduced energy transfer and charge separation as well as the lifetimes of charge-separated states. The photoelectrochemical performances of solar cells composed of supramolecular complexes of monomers, dimers, dendrimers and oligomers of metalloporphyrins with fullerenes are compared in relation to the rate constants of photoinduced charge separation and charge recombination.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Coordination Programming: Science of Molecular Superstructures Towards Chemical Devices